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How is Computer Science Changing the Field of Farming?
안중원 강남포스트 학생기자 | 승인 2021.11.25 13:55

Have you ever wondered what we people will be eating in 20 years? Some scientists suggested insects as replacements for meat. But what will be the replacement for vegetables or rice?

There are way fewer replacements for vegetables than there are for meat. Thus, given the situation, we must find better ways to produce these crops. Then what are scientists doing to more efficiently produce crops?
 
Computer scientists are paving unique ways to farm efficiently and productively. Mostly known as Smart Farming, computer scientists utilize IoT technologies to reduce labor but increase productivity. Computer scientists install soil, GPS, water, light, humidity, and temperature sensors to monitor the farming process. After collecting sufficient data, data analysts find the perfect farming condition which produces the best-conditioned crops. 

 

Picture Credit: https://pandaily.com/china-aims-to-develop-smart-agriculture/

 

There are certain steps before data analysts provide solutions to farmers. At first, they use the IoT sensors to gather enough observation data. Then, the sensor values are gathered in the cloud IoT platform where there are predefined decision rules and models that set the perfect standard for farming. After, data analysts check the IoT platform to see any deficiencies or problems within the farming system to provide solutions. Analysts discuss with the farm owners and decide which element they should fix. 

While data analysts provide ways to improve the existing farming system, they also come up with a whole new way of farming. Vertical farming is a well-known farming technique that seeks to reduce soil pollution and increase productivity. By stacking vegetable layers vertically, farmers are allowed to produce way more crops than they usually do in typical farming. Nowadays, computer scientists again installed IoT sensors to monitor water levels, humidity, and sunlight to provide the perfect farming conditions in these farms. These scientists were able to create automatic farming systems, which collect and raise automatically. 

We’ve been underestimating the importance of vegetables in our lives. They are indeed essential nutrients that maintain our health and food we have to rely on in the future. For these reasons, scientists are finding ways to better produce vegetables while reducing pollution. We should appreciate the works of these scientists and devise innovative ways to farm for the future. 

 

 

 

 

안중원 강남포스트 학생기자  webmaster@ignnews.kr

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